Salmon lice survive the straight shooter: A commercial scale sea cage trial of laser delousing

Overview
TitleSalmon lice survive the straight shooter: A commercial scale sea cage trial of laser delousing
AuthorsBui S, Geitung L, Oppedal F, Barrett LT
TypeJournal Article
Journal NamePreventive veterinary medicine
Volume181
IssueN/A
Year2020
Page(s)105063
CitationBui S, Geitung L, Oppedal F, Barrett LT. Salmon lice survive the straight shooter: A commercial scale sea cage trial of laser delousing. Preventive veterinary medicine. 2020 Jun 18; 181:105063.

Abstract

Ectoparasitic salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) infestations are costly for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) farmers in Norway. As a result, there is a strong desire for solutions to prevent and control infestations, and new technologies are typically developed and commercialised rapidly, without rigorous validation. Here, we tested the efficacy of a new commercially available control measure-delousing by underwater lasers-using a replicated design at full commercial scale. Laser delousing was used in combination with a preventive method (snorkel cages), with laser nodes deployed in 3 of the 6 sea cages at the site. The trial ran for 54 days, after which time there was no difference in infestation density of mobile salmon louse stages (pre-adult, adult male or adult female) in cages with or without laser nodes installed. By the end of the trial, adult female lice numbers in all cages were close to the legislated trigger for mandatory delousing (0.5 adult female lice per fish). The laser nodes delivered a large number of pulses relative to the number of lice in the cages, indicating that a lack of lethality rather than a lack of target detection was the limiting factor. If all pulses had been effective, they should have removed between 4-38 % of mobile lice each day. There was no effect on salmon welfare indicators such as skin condition or eye status. Our results highlight the importance of rigorous validation of new technologies across a range of conditions before widespread implementation by industry.

Author Details
Additional information about authors:
Details
1Samantha Bui
2Lena Geitung
3Frode Oppedal
4Luke T Barrett
Properties
Additional details for this publication include:
Property NameValue
Journal CountryNetherlands
Publication TypeJournal Article
Language Abbreng
LanguageEnglish
CopyrightCopyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI10.1016/j.prevetmed.2020.105063
Elocation10.1016/j.prevetmed.2020.105063
PIIS0167-5877(19)30878-5
Journal AbbreviationPrev. Vet. Med.
Publication Date2020 Jun 18
eISSN1873-1716
ISSN1873-1716
Publication ModelPrint-Electronic
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DatabaseAccession
PMID: PMID:32593083